Arthur Hays and Iphigene (Ochs) Sulzberger: The throne and the power behind it
During his reign as owner of The New York Times, Adolph Ochs brought the paper from obscurity to national prominence. When he died in 1935 there were two heirs apparent to his publishing empire, his only child, daughter Iphigene, and his nephew Julius Ochs Adler. It turned out, however, that Adolph left the power to decide in Iphigene’s hands, and she selected her husband, Arthur Hays Sulzberger, for the coveted spot, giving Julius the throne of another Ochs journal, The Chattanooga Times. The story of Arthur Hays Sulzberger, the publisher who raised The New York Times to its present status at the apex of journalism, is intertwined with that of Iphigene like the double helix strands of DNA. Arthur was born in 1891 in Manhattan. His father was president of a cotton-goods trading company. It was a gilded childhood with extensive travel, dining at the Savoy, tutoring by a German governess, attending the prestigious Horace Mann School and later Columbia University. After graduation in 1913, Arthur joined his father’s company.