The newspaper publishing world went through dramatic changes in the latter half of the 19th century as a powerful band of publishers redefined the role and scope of American newspapers. The band included Joseph Pulitzer, W. R. Hearst, Horace Greeley, James Gordon Bennett, Adolph Ochs and Charles A. Dana. Dana was born in 1819 in Hinsdale, N.H. When he was 9, his mother died. Dana's father abandoned his children, dispersed them among relatives, and headed out to start a new life and a new family. Dana ended up with an uncle. Historian Janet Steele said, "It seems likely that the events of his boyhood made Dana particularly sensitive to questions of loyalty and obligation . . . [he] placed a high premium on friendship and was coldly unforgiving whenever his trust was betrayed."