Henry J. Raymond: Founded the New York Times
The Adolph Ochs-Arthur Sulzberger families have been associated with ownership of The New York Times for more than a century. However, when Ochs purchased the newspaper in 1896 it was already 55-years-old, well-established and competing with the other great Gotham dailies, including James Gordon Bennett’s Herald, Horace Greeley’s Tribune, Joseph Pulitzer’s World, and Charles Dana’s Sun. Henry J. Raymond, the Times founder and editorial light, is the man most responsible for nurturing the paper from birth to the higher echelons of American journalism. Raymond entered the world of journalism in an era of savage partisanship, where newspapers were affiliated with a political party and readers identified with the editors, entering into a relationship with them and according their editorials weight they do not have today. It was a time of coarse sensationalism and literary duels among the editors, the slings and arrows often poison-tipped and barbed, the bombast indistinguishable from libel.