The Statue of Liberty was the product of French-American cooperation to celebrate the centennial of American independence. Built in 1884, the statue languished in France -- Congress would not fund construction of its pedestal. Joseph Pulitzer came to the rescue, using his newspaper, The World, to call for private donations. He raised $100,000 in five months, enough to build the pedestal. Pulitzer, best known for the Holy Grail of journalism, the Pulitzer Prize, was a living contradiction: a foreign-born xenophobe, a super-rich muckraker, an advocate of ethics and truth who engaged in yellow journalism and a champion of the poor who called Huckleberry Finn "a vulgar country boy." But Pulitzer was the brilliant journalist who -- more than anyone else -- was responsible for the evolution of American newspapers.