Phoebe Hearst: Berkeley’s ‘mom’
In many ways, Phoebe Apperson Hearst and Jane Stanford were soul sisters, their lives bearing uncanny similarities, traveling parallel paths, yielding enormous clout and having comparable impacts, especially in education. Each woman was married to a powerful mogul, and each had only one child. They doted on their children, and traveled extensively through Europe with them, as their husbands labored at building empires. The greatest difference, of course, is that one child, Leland Stanford Jr., died at 15, while the other, William Randolph Hearst, lived and became one of America's greatest titans. Ultimately, both women applied their great fortunes with consummate skill to the development of American education. Phoebe Apperson Hearst's contribution runs the gamut from early childhood to the University of California at Berkeley.